“Perfection‧Serenity‧Substance‧Unrestraint” CHEN Hsia-yu, HSIUNG Ping-ming, HSIA Yan Sculpture Exhibition

“Perfection‧Serenity‧Substance‧Unrestraint” CHEN Hsia-yu, HSIUNG Ping-ming, HSIA Yan Sculpture Exhibition

Exhibition Period
01 May 2010 - 30 May 2010
ESLITE GALLERY∣5F, No. 11, Songgao Rd., Taipei 11073, Taiwan
Opening Hours
01 May 2010

A founding member of “Eastern Art Society,” HSIA Yan (1932-) was a leading promoter of modernism in Taiwan in the 1960s. Works shown in this exhibition are his recent metal sculptures of chaotic fine and bold lines based on “fuzzy man,” a painting series he has developed since 1963. As art critic André Lee observes, these sculptures show the dynamic movement of Western futurism but their seemingly nonchalant cuts and curves also work to soften the hardness of metal and reveal a transcending grace of the East. The artist will be present at the press conference at 14:30-16:30, Friday, April 30.

HSIUNG Ping-ming (1922-2002) was known for his persistent exploration in the zone between philosophy and fine arts. He strived to create work that captures time and space with its substance and display the raison d’etre with its hardness, while disclosing rhapsody for holding the eternity. He especially enjoyed the simplicity of geometrical patters in metal, and was partial to the splendor of bronze. This exhibition presents his bronze works, including the most well-known “buffalo” series.

Educated in Japan, CHEN Hsia-yu (1917­­-2000) became an important sculptor in Taiwan after being selected into the Japanese Imperial Salon three consecutive years since 1938, and subsequently received the honor of “permanent exemption from review” from the Salon. His works meld elements from Egyptian, Greek and Chinese Buddhist art, and exude the spirit of modern European and Japanese art. This exhibition highlights his sculptures that portray the classic beauty of Taiwanese women in the early 1900s.


Hsia Yan was born into a wealthy family in Xiangxiang, Hunan Provence, but raised as an orphan in Nanjing after his parents passed away early in his life. When the war began, the young artist served in the military and drifted from cities to cities before settling in Taiwan in 1949. Here, he studied art with Lee Chun-shan and founded one of the most important artist group called Tongfang Art Group with fellow students including Hsiao Chin, Huo Gang, Chen Daoming, O-yang Wen-yuan, Hsiao Ming-hsian. In 1963 he went to Paris to study art and it was during the five years that he spent there when he developed “fuzzy man,” his signature style that symbolizes the absurdity and sense of isolation of modern existence as well as the artist’s sadness for a life of vagrancy. Soon after Paris, Hsia moved to New York and explored photorealism before returning to Taiwan again in 1992. Currently he lives in Shanghai, where he continues to explore different styles and forms of contemporary art with concepts that emanate an Eastern charm that is both robust and spiritual.

1932        Born in Xiangxiang, Hunan Provence, China
1948        Graduated from Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China
1949        Moved to Taiwan 
1951        Studied with painter LI Chun-Sen
1955        Co-found “Eastern Art Society”, Taipei, Taiwan
1965        Studied at École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts, Paris, France, for two years
1968        Moved to New York, USA
1973        Represented by O.K. Harris, New York, USA
2000        Received the National Culture and Arts Foundation 4th Literary and Arts Award
2002        Moved to Shanghai
2011        "HSIA Yan", Lin & Lin Gallery, Beijing, China
2010        Eslite Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
2008        Eye Level Gallery, Shanghai, China
2006        Eslite Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan 
               Shanghai Art Museum, Shanghai, China
               Eye Level Gallery, Shanghai, China
2005        Eye Level Gallery, Shanghai, China
2003        ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
2000        ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
1999        Dimensions Art Center, Taipei, Taiwan
1998        "HSIA Yan Retrospective Exhibition", Provincial Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts

               (now National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts), Taichung, Taiwan

1996        ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan

1995        ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
1994        "40 Years of Art: a HSIA Yan Retrospective Exhibition", Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
1993        ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
1991        ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan

1990        ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan

1989        ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
1987        O.K. Harris, New York, USA
1984        O.K. Harris, New York, USA
1982        O.K. Harris, New York, USA
1980        Graphic Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
1977        O.K. Harris Works of Art, New York, USA
1974        O.K. Harris Works of Art, New York, USA
1967        Galerie du Haut Pave, Paris, France
1965        Galerie du Haut Pave, Paris, France
1961        Mi-Chou Gallery, New York, USA

2010        "Perfection‧Serenity‧Substance‧Unrestraint" CHEN Hsia-yu, HSIUNG Ping-ming,

               HSIA Yan Sculpture Exhibition, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan

2007        "Chinese Imagery - HSIA Yan, SHU Fu-hou, XIANG Jing, LAI Yuan, SU Sheng-qian", Eye Level

               Gallery, Shanghai, China

2006        Eye Level Gallery, Shanghai, China
               "Imagery of Mt. Wuyi", Shanghai Art Museum, Shanghai, China
2005        "HSIA Yan v.s. YUAN Jai", ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
2003        "Fine Arts Festival - National Literature and Art Award Winners", Howard Salon, Taipei, Taiwan
               "Art Center TNCA", Art Center Tainan National College of the Arts, Tainan, Taiwan
1999        "Asia-Pacific Triennial of Contemporary Art", Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane, Australia
1998        "Taipei Modern Painting Show", Shinmachi Museum, Shinshu, Japan
               "Eastern Modern Memorandum-through a colorful bomb shelter", Dimension Art Center,

               Taipei, Taiwan
1997        "40th anniversary of Salon de Mai‧Eastern Art Society", Kaohsiung, Taichung/ Taipei/ Kinmen, Taiwan
1996        "IT Park Group Exhibition", IT Park Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
               "HSIA Yan‧LIAO Shiou-Ping", New Taipei Art Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
               "40 Years of Salon de May‧Eastern Art Society: Modern Art", Zen Arts Center,

               Kaohsiung, Taiwan
               "Post Modern Imagery", Ever Harvest Art Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
               "A contemporary View of Taiwanese Arts-Hanart's Choice", Hanart TZ Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
1995        "Door God‧New Era - Artist Group Exhibition", Crown Art Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
1994        "Taipei Modern Art", Bangkok National Museum, Bangkok, Thailand
1993        Hanart TZ Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
1991        "The Exhibition: Taipei-New York", Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
               "35th anniversary of Salon de Mai‧Eastern Art Society", Era Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
1990        "Contemporary Artists Drawing Exhibition", ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
1987        "Artists of Taiwan and Shanghai", Shanghai, China
1986        "Eleven New York Artists' Works", Guangdong, China
1985        "International Ink Painting", Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
               "American Realism: The Precise Image", Isetan Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan
1984        "Six Artists from Taiwan", Beijing Art Museum, Beijing, China
1983        "Paintings in New York", Museum of The New York City, USA
1982        "Paintings by Leading Overseas Chinese Artists", Hong Kong Museum of Art, Hong Kong,

1981        "Visions of New York City: American Paintings, Drawings, and Prints of the 20th Century",

               Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan (organized by Whitney Museum of American Art,

               New York, USA and Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan)
1980        "American Figure Painting 50-80", Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, USA
1979        "Modern Art in Toledo Collections", Toledo Museum of Art, USA
1977-78        "Photo Realism", Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg, USA
1977        "Selection for New and Old Collections", Art Museum of South Texas, Corpus Christi, USA
1976        "Urban Aesthetics", Queens Museum of Art, New York, USA
               "The Presence and Absence in Realism", State College at Potsdam, New York, USA
               "Painting and Sculpture Today '76", Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, USA
1975        "A Change of View", Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield, USA
1974        "Aspects of the Figure", Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, USA
               "New Realism", Skidmore College, Sarasota Spring, USA
1965        "Modern Art of the Republic of China", Gallery of the Palace of Exhibitions, Rome, Italy
1964        "Chinese Artists", Paris, France
1962-63        "Young Chinese Artists", Savona/Milan, Italy
1959        "Bienalle of Sao Paulo", Sao Paulo, Brazil
               "Bienalle of Young Artists", Paris, France
1957        "Salon de Mai", Europe
1956        "The 1956 National of Paintings and Calligraphies"


CHEN Hsia-yu

1917        Born in Longjing Township, Taichung County
2000        Passed away at age 83
1935        Enrolled in the department of sculpture of Tokyo Fine Arts School under

                CHEN Hui-Kun’s recommendation, and studied with Tetsuya MIZUTANI 
1936        Transferred to sculptor and Japanese Art Academy member Koyu FUJII’s studio to

                further his studies 
1941        Joined Taiyang Exhibition with PU Tian-sheng after a sculpture section was established
1946        Took up a teaching position at Taichung Normal School in November
1947        Appointed as a member of the review committee of “The Second Taiwan Exhibition” 
                Resigned from teaching position in June 
                Withdrew from Taiyang Art Association after participating in “The 11th Taiyang Exhibition”
1948        Appointed as a member of the review committee of “The Third Taiwan Exhibition” 
1949        Resolutely withdrew from the review committee of Taiwan Exhibition 
1981        Completed Nude Woman (sitting) while in Japan 
1969        Began making Buddha Head (cement, unfinished)
1968        Completed Relief of Two Buffaloes 
1965        Completed Statue of YIN Zhong-rong and Statue of the President of Taipei Yang Ping

                High School
1964        Completed Nude Woman 7 (reclining) 
1963        Completed Relief of Confucius (large) 
1962        Completed Relief of Confucius (small) and Statue of LU Shi-ming 
1961        Completed Relief of Confucius Expressing Intent on Nongshan
1960        Completed Christ on the Cross, Nude Woman 5, Dancing Dragon Lantern, Nude Woman 6 
1959        Completed Saint relief, Dog and Statue of Father-in-law 2  
1958        Completed Ballerina
1957        Completed Relief of Five Buffaloes, Sacred Guanyin and Statue of Uncle 
1956        Completed Statue of Madam YANG and Buddha relief 
1954        Completed Baseball relief
1953        Completed Statue of Shu 
1952        Completed Golf round relief (one large and one small) 
1951        Completed Statue of Standing Farmer and Statue of Father-in-law 1 
1950        Completed Relief of Three Buffaloes (stone)  
1948        Completed Nude Woman 2, Cat and Statue of Tea Merchant 
1947        Completed Nude Woman 3 (exhibited in Taiyang Exhibition) and Statue of Standing Nude Man
1946        Completed Head Sculpture of YANG Ji-xian, Statue of LIN Chao-chi  (a geology professor at

                National Taiwan University)
1944        Completed Nude Woman 1, temporarily kept by Mrs. GU Wei-fu  and was able to avoid


                during the war; borrowed back after the war to make bronze work replicas
1940        Completed Bust of GU Xianrong 
1939        Completed Standing Statue of GU Xianrong and Head Sculpture of a Woman 
1937        Completed Reclining Woman 
1936        Completed Standing Statue of YANG Ru-sheng, Nude Woman study; imitated Tetsuya


                style to complete General Naimu (cherry wood) 
1935        Completed works, including Grandmother, Hatching
1997        "CHEN Hsia-yu Solo Exhibition", ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan 
1979        "Small Works", Spring Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
               "Small Works" (in celebration of the 90th anniversary of Taichung government),

                his first exhibition, Cultural Foundation, Taichung, Taiwan

2010        "Perfection‧Serenity‧Substance‧Unrestraint" CHEN Hsia-yu, HSIUNG Ping-ming, HSIA Yan

                Sculpture Exhibition, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan 
1995        "In Retrospect and Reflection—228 Memorial Exhibition", Taipei Fine Arts Museum,

                Taipei, Taiwan  
1982        Invited to participate in the "Pacific Exhibition" in Japan 
1981        Invited by Japanese sculptor Yasuharu SHIRAI to participate in the "Pacific Exhibition"

                in Japan 
1948        Exhibited two Nude Woman and one Buffalo relief in "The First South Taiwan Exhibition" 
1947        Exhibited Buffalo in "The 11th Taiyang Exhibition" 
                Exhibited Head Sculpture YANG Ji-sheng in "The Second Taiwan Exhibition" 
1946        Exhibited Rabbit and Nude Woman as the review committee member of "The First

                Taiwan Exhibition" 
1945        Exhibited Nude Woman 1 in “The First Japan Exhibition” and "Brazilian

                International Exhibition" 
1942        Exhibited two works including Shizuko in "The 8th Taiyang Exhibition" 
1941        Received the honor of "permanent exemption from review" and participated in the "Japanese

                Imperial Salon" with Statue of Standing Nude Woman 
1940        After Bath selected into the "Japanese Imperial Salon" 
1939        Hair selected into the "Japanese Imperial Salon"
1938        Nude Woman selected into the "Japanese Imperial Salon"
1941        Sitting Statue selected by the Japanese "Sculptor Association Exhibition"; received

                the Association Award and was endorsed to receive membership 
Statue of Standing Farmer, collected by Taiwan Cooperative Bank, Taipei, Taiwan 
Statue of a Saint relief, collected by Sanmin Road Catholic Church, Taichung, Taiwan 
Dancing Dragon Lantern, collected by Taiwan Cement Co., Ltd. 
Relief of Confucius Expressing Intent on Nongshan, collected by National Cingshuei Senior High School,

Taichung County, Taiwan 

HSIUNG Ping-Ming

Hsiung Ping-Ming was a sculptor, calligrapher, and art critic, who was born in China and lived and worked in Paris for most of his professional life.  Hsiung went to Paris to continue his education in philosophy in 1947, but was later inspired by the sculptor Marcel Gimond and enrolled at the École des Beaux-Arts in 1950 to train with him. Human figure and animals are the subjects of Hsiung’s sculptures. One of the themes the artist kept coming back to was buffalo, which used to be the major working animal in the farm in the pre-industrialized era of China through which the artist expressed his strong well as well as his feelings toward his homeland. 

1922        Born in Nanking, China
2002        Lived and worked in Paris, France, where he passed away at the age of 80
1944        Graduated from the Department of Philosophy, United Southwestern University, Kunming, China
1947        Studied in the doctorate program of philosophy at University de Paris, Paris, France
1948        Studied at the stone sculpture studio, École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts,
             and later the Marcel GIMOND Studio, Académie Julian in Paris, France

1949        Studied at the Ossip ZADKINE Studio, Académie de la Grande Chaumière
                Returned to the Marcel GIMOND Studio, Académie Julian in Paris, France
1950        Studied at the Alfred Auguste JANNIOT Monument Sculpture Studio, École nationale supérieure

                des beaux-arts in Paris, France 
1999        "A Touring Exhibition of Hsiung Ping-Ming' s Art—An Odyssey Abroad and Return",
Museum of Fine Art, Beijing/Shanghai Museum of Fine Art, Shanghai/Kuanming City Museum,
Yunnan,China; National Museum of History, Taipei/Mountain Art Museum, Kaohisung, Taiwan.
1996        Fairmate Art Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
1987        "The Shaping of Return", Kunming, China
1985        "Concept of an Exhibition—or a Conceptual Exhibition", Lion Art Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
1975        "Hsiung Ping-Ming Solo Exhibition", Eglisau, Switzerland
1974        "Hsiung Ping-Ming Watercolors", Miller Gallery, Bern, Switzerland
1969        "Hsiung Ping-Ming Watercolors", Miller Gallery, Bern, Switzerland
1959        "Hsiung Ping-Ming Solo Exhibition", Bern, Switzerland
1956        "Hsiung Ping-Ming Iron Sculptures", Galerie Iris Clert, Paris, France
               "Hsiung Ping-Ming Ink Paintings", Lausanne, Switzerland
 "Hsiung Ping-Ming Ink Paintings", Geneva, Switzerland
1953        "Hsiung Ping-Ming Solo Exhibition", Baltimore Gallery, Zurich, Switzerland


2014        "Breeze from Paris", ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan 

2010        "Perfection‧Serenity‧Substance‧Unrestraint" CHEN Hsia-yu, Hsiung Ping-Ming, HSIA Yan

                Sculpture Exhibition, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
1997        "Chinese Modern Art", Paris, France
                "Chinese, Japanese and Arabian Calligraphy", Rabat, Morocco
                "International Calligraphy Exchange Exhibition", Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
1996        "Tokyo International Calligraphy Exchange Exhibition", Tokyo, Japan
1995        "Modern Sculptures—Five Elements", The Gate Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
                "Korean International Calligraphy Exhibition", Korea
1994        "Hsiung Ping-Ming, WU Guan-zhong, Chu De-chun Group Exhibition", Citizen Gallery,
"Exhibition of Chinese Artists in Paris", Fairmate Art Gallery, Taipei
 "Works by Chinese Masters in France", Centre Culturel et d'Information de Taipei,  Paris, France
  "The Beauty of Calligraphy", Kaohsiung Museum of Fine Arts, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
 "International Calligraphy Exhibition", Taipei

1993        "International Calligraphy Exchange Exhibition", Beijing
1992        "Expose internationale des sculptures animaux", Rambouillet, France
1988        "Y2K World Animal Sculptures Exhibition", Nevers, France
1983        "Exhibition of Chinese Artists in Paris", France
1974        Salon des réalités nouvelles, Paris, France
1973        "Beaux arts des six", Paris, France
1966        "Susse Exhibition", France
1965        "Forme humaine Sculpture Exhibition", Paris, France
                "Mur Virant", World Architecture Society, Paris, France
1962        "Objects",  Musée des Arts et Métiers, Paris, France
                "Salon of Young Sculpture", France
1959        "Exhibition of the Buffalo", Salon de Mai, Paris, France
1956        "Exhibition of the Raven", Salon de Mai, Paris, France
1955        "Exhibition of the Raven", Salon de Mai, Paris, France
1954        "Exhibition of the Wire Pigeon",  Salon de Mai, Paris, France
                "Exhibition of the Crying Wolf", Salon of Young Sculpture, France
1953        "Exhibition of the Escaped Mother", Salon d'Automne, Paris, France
1984        China Times Essay Award for ‘On Rodin-A Selected Diary’
1983        Chevalier de l'Order des Palmes Académiques
1962        Annual Award, Salon of Young Sculpture, for Striding Buffalo
                Howard Fellowship, Brown University
1952        Bronze medal of Le Salon des Artistes Français for Body of A Maiden and

                the amid' artist award for Portrait of Wang Chi-yin
                Second Prize, the Coton Art Award, for Pregnant Woman
1998        Lu Xun relief commissioned by the European Alumni Association of Beijing University

                for the centennial anniversary of Peking University
                Statue of Lu Xun commissioned by the National Museum of Modern Chinese Literature
1988        Iron Crane selected for long-term display in the Seoul Olympic Games Sculpture Park
1986        Three Poems (Taipei: Modern Book Series, Asian Culture Publishing)
1985        Theoretical System of Chinese Calligraphy (Hong Kong: The Commercial Press [HK] Ltd.)
                Concept of an Exhibition-or a Conceptual Exhibition (Taipei: Lion Art Publisher)
1984        Zhang Xu and the Wild Cursive (French version included in the Publication of

                l'Institut des Hautes Etudes Chinoises, Collège de France)
1983        On Rodin-A Selected Diary (Taipei: Lion Art Publisher)
1972        Teaching Chinese, a collection of poems
1969        Sous la Silhouette, a collection of poetry and paintings



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